Glossary

Term Definition
Bole log Trunk or main stem of tree
Broadleaved Hardwood, flowering species
Butt log A log cut from the butt or lower end of the bole
Carbon sequestration Process where trees take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store carbon in their leaves, branches, stem and roots
Clearfall A silvicultural system in which all trees in an area are removed at one time to allow regeneration to establish and develop as an even age stand
Coniferous Softwood, cone bearing species
Crown A tree’s canopy or foliage
Cubic metre (m3) Measure of timber volume
Falling or felling Cutting down trees
ha Hectares
Hardwood Tree species, which is a flowering plant or angiosperm, or the timber from it
Harvesting Felling of trees as part of a silvicultural operation
Low grade logs Logs unsuitable for sawmilling but suitable for other uses including manufacturing of reconstituted wood products, wood chipping, charcoal and energy generation
Plantation A planted forest.
Residues Part of trees other than bole or trunk including branches, needles and tree stumps
Second rotation A new plantation established following the harvest of the initial planting
Sharefarming Contractual agreement with a farmer or landowner over an agreed period of years to use cleared land for commercial tree cropping
Silviculture Theory and practice of managing stands of trees for establishment, quality and growth
Softwood Tree species, of the gymnosperm group, or the timber from it. Most commonly conifers (cone-bearing)
Stumpage revenue The stumpage revenue is the timber sales revenue less production charges which includes harvest and haulage costs, and sandalwood processing and marketing costs
Thinning Felling of a proportion of the trees in an immature stand for the purpose of improving the growth of trees that remain without permanently breaking the canopy and encouraging regeneration
Timber General term used to describe sawn wood suitable for building, furniture construction and other purposes
Sustainable yield Sustainable yield of a forest is the maximum level of commercial harvest that can be maintained under a given management regime
Veneer logs High quality logs that can be sliced or peeled to produce veneer